Avdonina Lionora Nikolaevna, Candidate of philological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of Germanic and Romanic philology, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Gordeeva Tatiana Aleksandrovna, Doctor of philological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of Germanic and Romanic philology, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The article focuses on studying the evolution of the concept of “Petersburg” from a perspective of Alexander Blok’s artistic worldview. Concepts are studied by philology because they are of unfailing interest in term of comprehending and interpreting a literary text in its anthropocentric and cognitive aspects. The paper uses methods of semantic and cognitive analysis to study a toponymical concept of “Petersburg” as one of the core elements of the Russian concept sphere from a perspective of Alexander Blok’s artistic worldview. The purpose of the paper is to reveal the evolution of the concept of “Petersburg” as a part of Alexander Blok’s concept sphere.
Materials and methods. The source of information for the study is lyric verses and poems by Alexander Blok dated 1898–1921, which, according to the author, form a lyric trilogy. As a result of the analysis, 151 verses and 3 poems were chosen as further research material. There are 711 text fragments objectifying the concept under study. The researchers used the descriptive method, the semantic-cognitive analysis and the field structure method.
Results. The research has proved that alteration of the poet’s artistic worldview is represented by the frequency of actualization of the cognitive characteristics of the concept of “Petersburg”. The 1st period (1898–1903) includes 68 cognitive characteristics and 212 objectivations. The 2nd period (1904–1908) includes 88 cognitive characteristics and 349 objectivations. The 3rd period (1898–1903) includes 89 cognitive characteristics and 233 objectivations. The analysis of the concept’s field structure shows that the concept of “Petersburg” is a permanent cognitive notion at every period of Blok’s work. 70,8, 73, 67,4 % of the concept’s objectivations are in the core and the close periphery of the concept and are frequently actualized in the studied texts.
Conclusions. We can clearly see Blok’s artistic evolution due to cognitive characteristics of the concept of “Petersburg” in the artistic concept sphere of his worldview. The concept’s content reveals the dynamic evolution of poet’s mythological worldview, his understanding of Saint Petersburg and the way his mind inclines to history and reality.
A. Blok, Saint Petersburg concept, evolution, cognitive characteristic, objectivation, field structure, core, close periphery, far periphery, extreme periphery.
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